PCOS Could Be Helped by a Multi-Vitamin & Mineral

PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is a very complex hormonal and systemic metabolic disorder. Vitamins and minerals are required if optimal metabolism is to occur.

Numerous medical studies have shown that people with chronic disorders are very likely to also have insufficiencies of one or more vitamins or minerals.

In addition, they may also have a greater need for certain vitamins or minerals than healthy people. Therefore, a high quality multi-vitamin/mineral is recommended.

Multivitamin may decrease the risk of infertility

Harvard University recently released a study of 18,555 premenopausal women showing that women who took a multi-vitamin/mineral supplement on a regular basis were more likely to be fertile.

Women taking two or less multivitamin tablets per week showed a 12% reduced risk of ovulatory infertility, women taking three to five multivitamin tablets per weeks showed a 31% reduced risk, and women taking six or more multivitamin tablets per week showed a 41% reduced risk, compared to women who did not use multivitamin supplements.

Folic acid, a B-vitamin, appeared to be quite important. It is found in any high-quality multi-vitamin.

The researchers concluded: "Regular use of multivitamin supplements may decrease the risk of ovulatory infertility."

Optimal Nutritional Supplementation May Help Relieve PCOS Symptoms

Adequate levels of vitamins and minerals may improve these health issues:

  • Acne
  • Depression
  • Diabetes
  • Hair loss
  • Heart disease
  • Hirsutism
  • Hormone imbalances
  • Infertility
  • Miscarriage risk
  • Overweight.

What the Research Says

Leading medical journals now recommend all adults take multivitamins. Both the New England Journal of Medicine and the Journal of the American Medical Association have concluded that:

  • "Most people do not consume an optimal amount of all vitamins by diet alone"
  • "Inadequate intake of several vitamins has been linked to chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease, cancer, and osteoporosis."
  • "Suboptimal folic acid levels, along with suboptimal levels of vitamins B6 and B12, are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, neural tube defects, and colon and breast cancer; low levels of vitamin D contribute to osteoporosis and bone fracture; and low levels of the antioxidant vitamins (vitamins A, E and C) may increase risk for several chronic diseases."
  • "It appears prudent for all adults to take vitamin supplements."

According to research at the University of California (Berkeley), "…about 50 human genetic diseases due to defective enzymes can be remedied or ameliorated by the administration of high doses of the vitamin component of the corresponding coenzyme, which at least partially restores enzymatic activity."

In other words, the processes of the body depend on vitamins and minerals. If a vitamin or mineral is missing or too low, the body process that depends on it cannot occur, or will occur at a lower than optimal rate. In addition, some body processes are genetically inefficient in some individuals. These individuals require higher-than-normal amounts of certain vitamins or minerals for their body processes to work.

The University of California study referred to genetic diseases. Although we wouldn't describe PCOS as an entirely genetic disease, it clearly does have genetic components. Depending on your specific genetic pattern, you may need extra amounts of some vitamins or minerals in order to optimize your metabolic processes.

Listed below are a few relevant nutrients found in a multi-vitamin/mineral formula.

Biotin

Biotin is a member of the B-complex family of vitamins. It improves disordered glucose metabolism by stimulating insulin secretion in response to blood sugar and by improving the liver's ability to process glucose. Biotin appears to improve insulin resistance.

Biotin is crucial for proper hair and nail growth. In high doses, biotin can be effective in restoring head-hair growth, with no known side effects.

Calcium

Calcium appears to improve insulin sensitivity. In one study, people taking calcium supplements had reduced insulin levels and improved insulin sensitivity as compared to people who did not take the supplements.

Recent studies also show that extra calcium helps with weight loss. In animal studies, those given extra dietary calcium or calcium supplements lost more weight than animals with lower calcium intake.

Chromium

It appears that a deficiency in chromium can result in insulin resistance. Evidence suggests diet-induced insulin resistance can be improved by chromium.

A diet high in sugar and refined carbohydrates may lead to a loss of chromium. The chromium loss may be due to high insulin levels when consuming this type of diet.

Chromium has been used for decades to treat people with blood sugar or diabetic problems.

Folic Acid (Folate)

Folate and folic acid are forms of the same B vitamin. Folate is found naturally in food and folic acid usually found in vitamins. Folic acid is required for DNA synthesis and optimal neurological function. It works in tandem with vitamin B12. Folic acid may be helpful in reducing homocysteine, which is a metabolic byproduct that is too high in some PCOS women, especially if they are taking metformin (Glucophage).

Magnesium

Magnesium is involved in numerous metabolic actions.

Insulin stores magnesium. Conversely, magnesium is necessary for the action of insulin and the manufacture of insulin. If your cells become resistant to insulin, you can't store magnesium so you lose it through urination. Studies have shown an association between insulin resistance and magnesium deficiency. Magnesium deficiency is relatively common in diabetics.

Magnesium is required for all energy-producing reactions that take place in the cell. Since magnesium is necessary to relax muscles, a magnesium deficiency would cause blood vessel constriction, leading to higher blood pressure.

Potassium

A potassium-depleted diet was found to lead to insulin resistance. You should be able to get most of your potassium from the diet recommended in The Natural Diet Solution for PCOS and Infertility e-book. However, some potassium supplementation may be indicated.

Vanadium

Vanadium is a trace mineral thought to enhance the action of insulin by activating insulin receptors. Vanadium is also thought to help the liver do a better job of controlling sugars and fats. Diabetics who take vanadium in the form of vanadyl sulfate have improved insulin sensitivity and reduced blood glucose.

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)

Vitamin B6 is involved in numerous metabolic processes, including blood sugar metabolism. Vitamin B6 affects receptors for estrogen, androgen, and progesterone. Vitamin B6 is required for the synthesis of serotonin. Mild deficiency of vitamin B6 is common.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is an essential vitamin commonly found in a variety of foods such as fish, shellfish, meats, and dairy products. Vitamin B12 is necessary for DNA synthesis and neurological health. It works in conjunction with folic acid.

Vitamin B12 is bound to the protein in food. Hydrochloric acid in the stomach releases B12 from protein during digestion. Once released, B12 combines with a substance called intrinsic factor (IF) before it is absorbed into the bloodstream. However, this absorption process is often compromised in unhealthy individuals or the elderly. Metformin (Glucophage) and other medications may make vitamin B12 absorption more difficult.

Strict vegetarians or vegans may not get enough dietary vitamin B12.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is required by the pancreas for the production of insulin. There is some evidence to suggest vitamin D improves insulin sensitivity and the body's ability to handle blood sugar.

Recent studies have shown that vitamin D and calcium, when taken together, suppress spontaneous food intake and burn fat. Higher calcium intake is consistently associated with lower body weight. As vitamin D significantly increases calcium absorption, it seems likely that higher intakes of vitamin D would decrease body weight, even if the vitamin itself had no direct effect on weight.

Vitamin D levels are lower in obese people than in thin people.

In one small study, vitamin D combined with calcium supplementation resulted in normalized menstrual cycles within 2 months for seven women. Two became pregnant and the others maintained normal menstrual cycles.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a well-known antioxidant. Studies on vitamin E for improving insulin sensitivity are inconsistent. Vitamin E adequacy should be maintained at least because of its important antioxidant functions.

Zinc

Preliminary evidence suggests a relationship between zinc deficiency and a poor response to insulin. Zinc plays an important role in many metabolic processes.

In summary, many women with PCOS have an increased need for nutritional supplementation, such as a high quality vitamin-mineral combination.

Return to
Supplements Store - Multi-Vitamin-Mineral
List of Supplements Page


Source: Chavarro JE et al, Use of multivitamins, intake of B vitamins, and risk of ovulatory infertility, Fertil Steril. 2008 Mar;89(3):668-76

A Product You Might Like...


Berberine Extract - Medical research says this nutritional supplement will help you to manage PCOS by lowering testosterone, insulin and cholesterol levels, shrinking fat cells, and building your overall health.


Get Answers to your Questions about

  • Fertility
  • Weight Control
  • Hair Loss
  • Stress
  • Unwanted Hair
  • Acne...and more!

FREE PCOS Report
and Newsletter

Your email is safe with us. We respect your privacy, and you may unsubscribe at any time.

Get Answers to Questions about

  • Fertility
  • Weight Control
  • Hair Loss
  • Stress
  • Unwanted Hair
  • Acne...and more!

FREE PCOS Report
and Newsletter

Your email is safe with us. We respect your privacy, and you may unsubscribe at any time.

Recent Articles

  1. The Challenges of PCOS

    Sep 25, 16 03:14 PM

    Hi there! I am now 31 years old and was diagnosed with PCOS when I was 19 after a cyst on my ovary burst and started bleeding internally. After surgery

    Read More

  2. Hirsutism and PCOS Can Be Controlled with Diet and Exercise

    Sep 17, 16 07:16 PM

    PCOS-related hirsutism (hair growth) is stimulated by hormone imbalances. Correct this with diet, exercise, supplements and herbs.

    Read More

  3. Hirsutism and PCOS Can Be Reduced with Supplements and Herbs

    Sep 17, 16 07:14 PM

    Hirsutism and excessive hair growth is a nagging symptom of PCOS. Use of selected supplements and herbal extracts is a natural way to reduce these problems.

    Read More